In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In Vitro Fertilization

In vitro fertilization (IVF) means “fertilization in glass” or in the laboratory. IVF is a process by which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the body. The process involves hormonally controlling the ovulatory process, removing ova (eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a fluid culture medium. Following fertilization and cell division after a number of days in a humidity and temperature controlled incubator, the embryo is then transferred into the patient’s uterus with the intent of establishing a successful pregnancy.

An IVF cycle involves six main sequential steps:

  1. Preparation for an IVF cycle
  2. Ovarian Suppression or Downregulation of the Pituitary Gland and Ovarian Stimulation (Superovulation)
  3. Egg Retrieval
  4. Insemination, Fertilization and Embryo Assessment
  5. Embryo Transfer
  6. Luteal phase support / Early pregnancy follow-up post Embryo Transfer

Important information regarding your IVF cycle can be found here:

  1. Costs and Fees for IVF and FET cycles
  2. Pre-IVF Screening Requirements
  3. Medications required for IVF
  4. Timelines for typical IVF Cycles
  5. Common questions and information about how to Navigate through your IVF cycle
  6. Risks associated with IVF